Eye Sight : Sunlight Increases Risk of Eye Disease

By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Pain & Central Nervous System Week -- New research on Age-Related Macular Degeneration is the subject of a report. According to news reporting out of Liaoning, People's Republic of China, by NewsRx editors, research stated, "Epidemiologists have recently investigated sunlight exposure as a risk factor for age-related macular degeneration (AMD), but there remains an ongoing dispute over this association due to insufficient evidence and unreliable data. To analyse comprehensively the epidemiological literature concerning the association between AMD and sunlight exposure."

Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from Liaoning University, "We systematically reviewed the epidemiological literature concerning the association between AMD and sunlight exposure. An electronic search was performed of PubMed, Web of Science and CNKI, which was supplemented by hand searching. The selection of studies, data abstraction and quality assessment were performed independently by three reviewers. Fourteen studies were identified. Twelve studies identified an increasing risk of AMD with greater sunlight exposure, six of which reported significant risks. The pooled OR was 1.379 (95% CI 1.091 to 1.745). The subgroup of non-population-based studies revealed a significant risk (OR 2.018, 1.248 to 3.265, p=0.004). The epidemiological literature published to date indicates that individuals with more sunlight exposure are at a significantly increased risk of AMD."

For more information on this research see: Is sunlight exposure a risk factor for age-related macular degeneration? A systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 2013;97(4):389-394. British Journal of Ophthalmology can be contacted at: Bmj Publishing Group, British Med Assoc House, Tavistock Square, London WC1H 9JR, England. (BMJ Publishing Group - group.bmj.com/; British Journal of Ophthalmology - bjo.bmj.com/)

Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting G.Y. Sui, Liaoning Univ Tradit Chinese Med, Affiliated Hosp 1, Shenyang, Liaoning, People's Republic of China (see also Age-Related Macular Degeneration).

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